Advancements in technology are improving road safety, but millions of Americans are still injured or killed in car accidents each year. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), automotive accidents were responsible for 2.3 million injuries and over 32,700 deaths in 2013 alone. In this article, Philadelphia car accident lawyer Brent Wieand will examine which types of injuries occur most frequently – including injuries that occur when the car isn’t running. Some of the entries on the list may surprise you.
Common Types of Injuries in Automotive Accidents
The nature and severity of a car accident injury ultimately depends on the interaction between many factors, including:
- Where the injury victim is seated in the vehicle.
- Whether the injury victim is wearing a seat belt.
- Whether the vehicle overturns, catches fire, or is pushed into oncoming traffic.
- The speed and angle at which the other vehicle strikes (in the case of a collision).
- The size and weight of the other vehicle (in the case of a collision).
- Whether the car was equipped with properly functioning air bags.
- The time it takes for emergency responders to arrive on the scene.
- The injury victim’s height, weight, age, gender, and overall health.
While these factors all influence accident outcomes, some types of injuries still tend to occur more frequently than others. This fact is made evident not only by NHTSA data, but also by the findings of peer-reviewed, international medical studies on car accident injury patterns, with some recent examples provided below:
- According to a 2007 NHTSA study on the characteristics of crash injuries in drivers of all ages:
- The relationship between age and gender had a significant impact on outcome. The study found that “in the three youngest age groups [16-24, 25-44, 45-64], males sustained more severe injuries than females, whereas this pattern was reversed for the oldest age group [65+].”
- In rollover crashes, the body regions most frequently injured were upper limbs, lower limbs, face, and head, regardless of age group. The same was true of non-rollover, frontal-impact crashes.
- In right-side impact crashes, the body regions most frequently injured were upper limbs, lower limbs, and face.
- In rear-impact crashes, young and middle-aged drivers were most likely to sustain neck and spine injuries. However, older drivers were more likely to sustain injuries to lower or upper limbs.
- In left-impact crashes, “The lower limbs, upper limbs, neck and spine, face, and head are frequently injured regions. The percentage of chest injuries increases as driver age increases.”
- Overall, “About 80% of the severe injuries were either to the head or chest. The less severe injuries occurred to the face, upper limbs, and lower limbs.”
- According to the CDC, traffic accidents were responsible for over 14% of traumatic brain injury (TBI) cases in the U.S. from 2006 to 2010.
- According to a German study on injury patterns in fatal rear-end collisions, victims displayed a pattern of “extensive soft-tissue traumatization” (e.g. subcutaneous bleeding, detachment of tissue from underlying bone/muscle/organ structures), broken ribs, spinal fractures, pelvic fractures, ruptured livers, ruptured spleens, and ruptured aortas.
- According to a French study on pedestrian injury patterns (e.g. striking a pedestrian in a crosswalk), “The most frequently injured body regions were the lower extremities (50% of victims), the head/face/neck (38%) and the upper extremities (27%). Pelvic injuries were much more common for women.”
- An Italian study published two years later arrived at a similar conclusion albeit with slightly different figures, finding that “the head (56.4%) and the lower extremities (12.7%) are the most frequently injured pedestrian body regions.”
Car-Related Injuries Not Caused by Crashes or Collisions
When someone says they were hurt in a car accident, you immediately picture a crash or collision. What people tend to forget is that injuries can also occur when the engine is turned off. Studying data on approximately 841,000 injuries and 1,750 deaths, the NHTSA found the following top 20 most common non-crash injuries in 2007:
20. Hyperthermia (overheating) inside the vehicle – Less than 1,000
19. Burns from battery acid – 1,000
18. Exploding tires – 1,000
17. Hoist and jack accidents, involving tires – 2,000
16. Non-fatal carbon monoxide poisoning from vehicle exhaust – 2,000
15. Closing vehicle windows – 2,000
14. Burns from mufflers and exhaust pipes – 3,000
13. “Fire incidents” – 3,000
12. Hoist and jack accidents, not involving tires – 8,000
11. Radiator and antifreeze burns – 9,000
10. Object strikes (“usually cargo,” according to the report) – 20,000
9. Accidental falls, other than boarding or stepping out – 28,000
8. Falling against the car – 28,000
7. Door-related injuries when boarding or stepping out – 36,000
6. Non-fall injuries (e.g. sprains) when boarding or stepping out – 44,000
5. Cuts and lacerations – 68,000
4. Getting hit by part of the car other than the hood, trunk, or doors – 74,000
3. Accidental falls, when boarding or stepping out – 84,000
2. Overexertion (e.g. pushing a stalled vehicle) – 88,000
1. Injuries caused by closing or slamming car doors shut – 148,000
The NHTSA also counted the top 14 causes of non-crash fatalities, about half of which appeared on the above list of non-crash injury causes. The most common causes of non-crash deaths were:
14. Radiator fluid burns – 2
13. Getting closed in the trunk – 3
12. Drowning – 3
11. Electrocution – 4
10. Asphyxiating caused by snaring the head/neck in a partially closed window – 5
9. Exploding tires – 7
8. Poisoning, other than carbon monoxide poisoning – 9
7. Hypothermia (freezing) – 14
6. Hyperthermia (overheating) – 37
5. Object strikes (i.e. fatal blunt force injuries) – 44
4. Fatal burns caused by car/engine fires – 57
3. Falling from the vehicle – 88
2. Fatal carbon monoxide poisoning from vehicle exhaust – 147
1. Being fatally crushed beneath a falling vehicle – 168
Call personal injury attorney Brent Wieand at (888) 789-3161 to talk about your legal options in a free and completely confidential consultation. In addition to Philadelphia, Brent is proud to serve all of Southeastern Pennsylvania. So if you need a personal injury lawyer in Delaware County, Chester County or Montco give Brent a call today.
***Disclaimer: This article is for informational purposes. It is not legal advice and should not be used as legal advice.***